||PROFILE — Michael Scheier
Professor and Department Head
Psychology office: 346C Baker Hall
Psychology phone: 412-268-3151
PMBC: Pittsburgh Mind-Body Center
Lab link: www.pghmbc.org
Social and personality psychologists have always had an interest in understanding
human motivation -- knowing what it is that makes people work as hard as they do
for the things they want. My recent research builds on my interest in human motivation
and examines problems in effective self-management. The general thrust of this
research is understanding what happens when people encounter difficulties in their
lives trying to attain the things they want (or avoid the things they don't want). What
are the variables that make some people persist in their goal-directed activities and
others give up? Do some people cope better with problems in self-management
than others, and if so, what determines who receives better outcomes? In thinking
about these questions, my research has been drawn more and more into applied
settings, especially within the health domain.
I have tended to approach this research domain from the perspective of personality
psychology. Specifically, I have become quite interested in examining the role that
dispositional optimism plays in dealing with adversity. Research currently underway
is exploring how enduring differences in optimism impact on the coping process and
reactions to major life events such as recovery from surgery for breast cancer or
coronary artery bypass surgery. Other recent research explores individual differences
in goal disengagement and goal re-engagement processes and tries to understand
how such differences impact adjustment to chronic diseases that become
progressively worse over time.
Scheier, M. F., & Bridges, M. W. (1995). Person variables and health: Personality
predispositions and acute psychological states as shared determinants for disease.
Psychosomatic Medicine, 57, 255-268.
Scheier, M. F., Matthews, K. A., Owens, J. F., Schulz, R., Bridges, M. W.,
Magovern, G. J., Jr., & Carver, C. S. (1999). Optimism and rehospitalization
following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Archives of Internal Medicine
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (2001). Adapting to cancer: The importance
of hope and purpose. In A. Baum and B. L. Andersen (Eds.), Psychosocial
interventions for cancer (pp. 15-36). Washington D.C.: American Psychological
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (2003). Goals and confidence as self-regulatory
elements underlying health and illness behavior. In L. D. Cameron and H. Leventhal
(Eds.), The self-regulation of health and illness behaviour (pp. 17-41). London, UK:
Scheier, M. F. & Carver, C. S. (2003). Self-regulatory processes and responses to
health threats: Effects of optimism on well-being. In J. Suls & K. Wallston (Eds.),
Social psychological foundations of health (pp. 395-428). Oxford UK: Blackwell.
Scheier, M. F., Helgeson, V. S., Schulz, R., Colvin, S., Berga, S., Bridges, M.
W., Knapp, J., Gerszten, K., Pappert, W. S. (2005). Interventions to enhance
physical and psychological functioning among younger women who are ending
nonhormonal adjuvant treatment for early stage breast cancer. Journal of Clinical
Oncology 23(19), 4298-4311.
Scheier, M. F., Wrosch, C., Baum, A., Cohen, S., Martire, L. M., Matthews,
K. A., Schulz, R., & Zdaniuk, B. (2006). The Life Engagement Test: Assessing
purpose in life. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 29(3), 291-298.
Rasmussen, H. N., Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (2006).
Self-regulation processes and health: The importance of optimism and goal
adjustment. Journal of Personality 74, 1721-1747.
Wrosch, C., Miller, G. E., Scheier, M. F., & Brun de Pontet, S. (2007). Giving up
on unattainable goals: Benefits for health? Personality and Social Psychology
Bulletin 33, 251-265.
Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Weintraub, J. K. (1989). Assessing coping
strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, 56, 267-283.
Goal Adjustment Scale--(GAS)
Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., Miller, G. E., Schulz, R., & Carver, C. S. (2003). Adaptive
self-regulation of unattainable goals: Goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and
subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 1494-1508.
Life Engagement Test--(LET)
Scheier, M. F., Wrosch, C., Baum, A., Cohen, S., Martire, L. M., Matthews, K. A.,
Schulz, R., & Zdaniuk, B. (2006). The Life Engagement Test: Assessing purpose in
life. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29, 291-298.
Life Orientation Test--(LOT-R)
Scheier, M.F., Carver C.S., and Bridges, M.W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism
from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of
the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078.
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1985). The Self-Consciousness Scale:
A revised version for use with general populations. Journal of Applied Social
Psychology, 15, 687-699.
Assistant to Dr. Scheier:
Ginger Placone (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Curriculum Vitae (pdf file)
PMBC: Pittsburgh Mind-Body Center
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