Selected Publications
1995 to 1976

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Seleted publications from 1995 to 1976 can be downloaded here. Want a publication from another year? Click here to return to the publications index page. Need Adobe Acrobat? Click here to obtain a free copy.

NOTE: If you cannot access an article or have difficulty downloading a pdf from this page, please send a request for the article to Theresa Treasure at, and she will send it to you.

Lemaire, P., & Siegler, R. S. (1995). Four aspects of strategic change: Contributions to children's learning of multiplication. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 124, 83-97.

Siegler, R. S. (1995). How does change occur: A microgenetic study of number conservation. Cognitive Psychology, 28, 225-273. 

Siegler, R. S., & Shipley, C. (1995). Variation, selection, and cognitive change. In T. Simon & G. Halford (Eds.), Developing cognitive competence: New approaches to process modeling (pp. 31-76). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Siegler, R. S. (1994). Cognitive variability: A key to understanding cognitive development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 3, 1-5.

Siegler, R. S., & Crowley, K. (1994). Constraints on learning in non-privileged domains. Cognitive Psychology, 27, 194-227.

Brown, N. R., & Siegler, R. S. (1993). Metrics and mappings: A framework for understanding real-world quantitative estimation. Psychological Review, 100, 511-534.

Siegler, R. S., & Crowley, K. (1991). The microgenetic method: A direct means for studying cognitive development. American Psychologist, 46, 606-620.

Siegler, R. S. (1989). Mechanisms of cognitive development. Annual Review of Psychology, 40, 353-379.

Siegler, R. S. (1989). Hazards of mental chronometry: An example from children's subtraction. Journal of Educational Psychology, 81, 497-506.

Siegler, R. S., & McGilly, K. (1989). Strategy choices in children's time-telling. In I. Levin & D. Zakay (Eds.), Time and human cognition: A life span perspective (pp. 185-218). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

Siegler, R. S. (1988). Individual differences in strategy choices: Good students, not-so-good students, and perfectionists. Child Development, 59, 833-851.

Siegler, R. S. (1988). Strategy choice procedures and the development of multiplication skill. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 117, 258-275.

Siegler, R. S. (1987). The perils of averaging data over strategies: An example from children's addition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 116, 250-264.

Siegler, R. S., & Shrager, J. (1984). Strategy choices in addition and subtraction: How do children know what to do? In C. Sophian (Ed.), The origins of cognitive skills (pp. 229-293). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. This is a BIG chapter nad has been divided into 2 pdf files: Part A and Part B.

Siegler, R. S. (1983). Five generalizations about cognitive development. American Psychologist, 38, 263-277.

Siegler, R. S., & Robinson, M. (1982). The development of numerical understandings. In H. W. Reese & L. P. Lipsett (Eds.), Advances in child development and behavior: Vol. 16 (pp. 242-312). New York: Academic Press. Note: This is a large chapter and comes in two parts. Click here for Part A and here for Part B. If you want to read it on your monitor, you will need to click on the "rotate clockwise" button in Adobe Acrobat after you open it so the text will be horizontal on the screen.

Siegler, R. S., & Richards, D. D. (1979). The development of speed, time, and distance concepts. Developmental Psychology, 15, 288-298.

Siegler, R. S. (1976). Three aspects of cognitive development. Cognitive Psychology, 8, 481-520. Note: once you open this article in Adobe Acrobat, you need to rotate it clockwise in order to see both "small" pages that are on each 8.5 x 11 inch sheet of paper. This is done by choosing "View" from the Acrobat ribbon menu at the top of the screen, and then choosing "Rotate View." You also may need to adjust the size of the view (i.e., make it smaller) in order to see the entire page on your monitor at one time. If you have any questions about this, please contact Theresa Treasure at

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